|Another picture of the
wall in Berlin.
|The wall between East and Westgermany
as well in Berlin divided Germany for about 28
years. Every traffic and coming in contact to
eachother were blocked or got very difficult. The
west border of Eastgermany had had a five
kilometer wide security area under the control of
the army. When you had passed it you came to the
wall and you could see behind a lot of border
towers. It was almost impossible to pass it.
Some people tried, but most of them were arrested
or shot to death. Just in Berlin the border
security area was thinner, but that didn´t make
it less dangerous to pass the border to
Westberlin, how you can see on the pictures. Once
in a while they fixed tools to the fences called
Selbstschussanlage. If someone touched a wire
there the tool exploded to pieces and hurted the
person really heavilly. Keep running was
impossible after that and the person could pray
to god when he or she survived and the government
of Westgermany payed money to the east and they
got released then.
860.000 mines were layed on the ground and 60.000
tools (Selbstschussanlagen) were installed to the
fences and exploded if anyone touched the fences.
The border was watched by 50.000 soldiers.
Not everybody it was allow to watch the border.
The Eastgerman security or plain police did check
them before the service. Also some people living
near the border were payed for keeping the eyes
open by the security police.
If anyone wanted to escape you had to pass the
five kilometers security border area (exept
Berlin). There you had to make sure, not to be
seen by the local people they had to report to
the security police or border officers. When you
had pass the area happilly you had to climb about
more fences, come along the fences with the
exploding tools and to pass the mine fields.
After that you had to cross a plain area - no
spot to hide and at least to climb over the wall,
but usually the wall was higher than three meters
and the top of wall was round. Where could you
All the time you could be seen from the
watchtowers by the soldiers and they were able to
shoot. Behind the wall you still was on
Eastgerman area. What a lot of people didn´t
realize the wall was built some hundred meters
far away from the real border
and so it was border officers allowed to catch
you behind the wall as long as you hadn´t had
passed the "Demarkationslinie" (real
border line). The line was marked with border
stones. Once in a while Westgermans came to the
wall to touch the concret and taking pictures,
but most of time the soldiers ignored the cases
and let them go again. The wall got to a strange
sight seeing and was visited by the tourists.
Here a photo taken from the bird´s eye. It is a
part of the wall around Berlin. Some people did
have the yard in the triangle area on the bank of
lake. Eastgerman officials allowed them to use
the track or path inbetween the border area to
reach the yard. They had to ring the bell and the
door was made open and so they had entrance to a
part of the wall. Sure there were more
curiosities in that time.
A picture of the Brandenburger Tor (gate)
situated on the Pariser Platz (square). The
picture sure was taken after the November 9th,
1989, when the Germans "conquered" the
top of the wall. By the way the wall was called
"Antifaschistischer Schutzwall" by the
The picture below was taken before the wall came
down. The hut in the middle of the street was the
checkpoint of the allies and in the background
you can see the check point on the Eastgerman
site. The museum at the Check Point Charlie is in
the building on the right side.
Another picture along the Friedrichstrasse corner
Kochstrasse northward to the former Check Point
Charlie and Eastberlin in the background. It was
curious under the Friedrichstrasse was the
Westberlin subway and connected the quarters
Kreuzberg (south) and Wedding (north). Both
quarters belong to Westberlin, but the subway
crossed the city centre of Eastberlin. There were
some stations Jannowitzbrücke and Alexander
Platz. It was not allow to stop the train there.
All stations of Eastberlin were closed and
Eastgerman soldiers had an eye on the subway of
|Another spot that could be visited by
the tourists and people of Westberlin without
permission of the Eastgerman officials was the
train station Bahnhof Friedrichstrasse. One
S-Bahn and two subway lines coming from
Westberlin connected the station within
Eastberlin. It was the transit between East and
West and the opportunity to change for trains. If
you wanted to leave the station, you had to have
passport and visa.
|Man dancing on the white border line
between East and West. I do not know, why. That
happened before the wall came down. Once in a
while if people had a problem with the police
they just need to stay at the wall. The wall was
located within the Eastgerman area and the space
between wall and the white line belonged to
Eastgermany too, so it wasn´t allow to enter
that area for police officers of Westberlin if
they wanted to arrest someone...
Infamous was the border crossing point Friedrich
/ Zimmerstraße. More well-known under the name
"Check Point Charlie". In the time of
cold war when the danger of the war increased to
the top American tanks and Russian tanks standing
face to face in front of the white border line.
The pictures went around the world. Everybody
stopped breathing, when American and Russian
tanks were standing face to face. Would that be
the start of the third world war?
By the way, the name Check Point Charlie comes
from the American alphabet. Check Point Alfa was
located at Helmstedt - border crossing point
between West and Eastgermany, Check Point Bravo
was located at Dreilinden - border between
Westberlin and Eastgerman and Check Point Charlie
located in the middle of the city Berlin. It only
was allowed for aliens, diplomats as well as
members of the American, British and French army
to pass the border there.
The last picture of Check Point Charlie was taken
in the early nineties when the wall was about
coming down. In the foreground you can see the
Eastgerman car trabant. Not far away from the
former border crossing point the city Berlin
offers an interesting museum called Haus am Check
Point Charlie. It is an exhibition about the wall
and the cold war. There you can see pictures
items and old cars. Some of the car were prepared
for escaping from Eastgermany and you can read a
lot of story about succesful getaway from east to
Fortunatly the time of the cold war is gone and
no border divided Germany to two parts anymore.
Hopeful the future will be more peaceful, but I
think we all have work very hard for this goal...
||Museum Haus am
10969 Berlin (Kreuzberg)
tel. (001149) 030 25 37 25 0
fax. (001149) 030 251 20 75
Business hours: dayly 9 a.m. through 10
tel. (001149) 05351 121 11 33
fax. (001149) 05351 121 16 00
Tuesday 3 p.m. through 5 p.m.
Wednesday 10 a.m. through 12 a.m, 3 p.m.
through 5 p.m.
Thursday 3 p.m. through 6:30 p.m.
Friday 3 p.m. through 5 p.m.
Saturday / Sunday 10 a.m. through 5 p.m.
||Haus der Geschichte der
Willy-Brandt-Allee 14, 53113 Bonn
Tel. 0228 91650 Fax. 0228 9165302
Tuesday through Sunday from 9:00 a.m.
through 7 p.m.