museum was a former inn called "Zur Stadt
Mannheim" and located in the street Metzgergasse 6.
This house was the headquarter of Bluecher. He was a
general (Feldmarschall) from Prussia and led the army
(Schleßische Armee) in the attack against the French and
On the way to the Blüchermuseum I saw this
wonderful blue old mailbox, before arriving the
entrance of museum...
In the week about new year in 1814 he and his army passed
the Rhine at the toll station Pfalz.
The "Schleßische Armee" (army) crossed the
river Rhine supported by 50.000 soldiers, 15.000 horses,
and 182 canons.
Russian pioneers were able to build a swimming bridge
called "Potonbrücke". The island with the
Pfalz made it easier for them to pass the river really
quiet by night.
The Russian pioneers cut trees in the wood and made
boards of it. Then the boards were fixed to eachother to
construct the framework for the Potons. They pulled
several layers canvas and tar over the framework. The
pioneers used tar to paint on ever layer of canva. The
tar protected the Poton against the water and so they
swam on the surface and did bear the whole bridge, while
the soldiers were crossing the river Rhine.
The French soldiers didn´t expect the Germans, because
of shifting ice floes. All these things made passing the
Rhine dangerous. All of the sudden they came over the
Frenches and that was the most important part of the war,
so the Frenches gave up and left the country.
In the Bluecher museum you can find old furnitures,
items, tools, maps, letters and paintings about that
A tobacco box, the right glove, a folder for writing
papers, the money-war-box as well as the empire-clock
reminds the visitor for Blücher.
If you talk about the "Schleßische Armee"
(army) you have to mention that the whole army consisted
of 104.974 soldiers in the totale. Two thirds of them
were Russian soldiers.
38.484 soldiers were lead by York and came from Prussia.
The troop of Langeron (34.551 soldiers), troop of Sacken
(18.353 soldiers) and the troop of St. Priest (13.586
soldiers) came from Russia.
The alliance between troops of Prussia and Russia made it
easier to win the battle against the French troops of
In the August 1813 were 184.000 Russian soldiers in
mission and spare troops of 112.000 soldiers in Poland
increase the army up to 296.000 soldiers on German and
This was almost the same power than the army of Prussia
with 300.000 soldiers in that time.
The infantry regiment of Langeron came from Jakutsk about
800 km far away from the Pacific ocean and 7.000 km far
away from the river Rhine. It took about year to get the
soldiers with 60 pounds a person to the Rhine.
Source homepage of Blüchermuseum comunity Kaub. http://loreley.com/bluechermuseum/index.htm and
bei Kaub über den Rhein" by Bruno Dreier.